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Against the backdrop of development of new technologies for remotely piloted cars that can run on public roads, the US finds itself in the midst of a heated discussion over legal liabilities in the event of a traffic accident with such car. American experts believe that before starting mass production and licensing such vehicles, it is expedient to define clear criteria for distribution of obligations between the owner of such car, its manufacturer, and the software developer.
After Carlos Ghosn, CEO of Nissan Renault, stated that by 2020 remotely piloted cars will be available for purchase from retail outlets, the USA found itself in the midst of a discussion over who will be held liable in the event of contingency situations or accidents involving such cars. At the moment, a few manufacturers are working on the development of remotely piloted cars, including Volkswagen, Nissan, Honda, Volvo, and others. Google has developed software for Toyota Prius, having obtained the license from the state of Nevada. Today, temporary licenses for test operation of remotely piloted cars on public roads have been issued by the states of Florida and California.
Specialized publication O`Reilly states that one of the solutions for such cars in this situation may be development of automatic recorders allowing to record all actions of the remotely piloted car, just like those of an airplane, and see why it behaved a certain way, and then make an adequate decision on holding either party liable.