Day 3 of INNOPROM-2018 International Industrial Trade Fair is now complete.
International Logistics Forum held a session on Main Trends in the Development of Trans-Eurasia Logistics Partnership.
Commercial Director of GEFCO Nikita Pushkarev spoke about increasing competition between marine and railway transportation, "China has an impressive number of factories. They are predominantly involved in production, and to make it logistically feasible, facilities are built close to major ports. Still, approximately 50% of plants are located more than 1000 km away from large Chinese seaports, which means that we can engage in constructive competition with marine transportation and bring promising shipments to our country.
When we talk about such distinctive product as motor vehicles, the most important factor is consumer behavior and interests, which is why, in our opinion, transit time may serve as a key competitive advantage."
Pushkarev also pointed out that seaport operations are rather expensive, so railway transportation has a competitive edge in this respect, "Assembled cars are very sensitive to damages, so the quality of shipping services depends on the smallest possible number of transloadings.".
Deputy Head of Transportation Market Development Department at the Institute of Economy and Development of Transport Andrey Tikhomirov talked about progress in transportation and logistics, "Presently, Russian Railways is working on the concept for the development of the transportation and logistics business division. Measures that have already been implemented enabled Russian Railways to transport approximately 4 million shipments using all transportation modes in 2017, the most dynamic segment being container transportation. So far the number of transit containers is not that high - just 414,000, but last year's dynamics shows almost 62% growth YOY. The same trend persists in 2018: the dynamics is not quite as robust at 18% over six months, which accounts for approximately 202,000 transit containers."
In June 2018, Russia and China signed an intergovernmental agreement on truck transportation which will allow Russian and Chinese carriers to ship cargo across the border between the two countries. "First and foremost, it will speed up the delivery of food stuffs and perishable goods. Naturally, it will create competition. In our opinion, competition always increases the quality of services and lowers prices," Maxim Ignatov, Head of TRASKO's Ekaterinburg Branch, stated.
At the Regional Digitalization As a Smart Level Project session, First Deputy Governor of Sverdlovsk Region Alexey Orlov talked about the creation of a special regional interdepartmental working group which would be preparing the necessary solutions and developing digitalization projects.
Session participants paid special attention to issues in the system of education and the importance of education for regional digitalization. For example, Director for Economic Policy and Academic Board Member of the National Research University Higher School of Economics Yuri Simachev explained the importance of human capital for the implementation of innovations, "To a great extent, innovations under the digital economy are no longer just technical or technological, for they also acquire organizational, entrepreneurial, and social dimensions. Therefore, we should not underestimate the role of initiatives pertaining to socially significant projects which can emerge at high school and university levels."
The Russia-Korea Industrial Forum held a session on Research Cooperation in Robotics. Its participants included representatives of top Russian institutes and Korean robotics organizations which presented one of the world's largest robotics clusters located in the city of Daegu.
Daegu City Hall representative Shin Geong Chop provided a detailed account of Daegu robotics research cluster creation, "Our cluster incorporates two institutes, robotics association, innovations development center, testing center, and 160 enterprises specializing in robotics, including such robotics giants as ABB and KUKA. Every year we hold a major global robotics forum, and I invite all session participants to attend our event. I hope that in November 2018 we can all meet in Daegu and continue the dialog which we started here at INNOPROM-2018."
In her presentation, Vice-President of the Russian Association of Robotics Alisa Konyukhovskaya spoke about the current state of the Russian robotics segment, "Presently, we estimate that robotization density in Russia constitutes 3 robots per 10,000 employees, whereas the Republic of Korea, an absolute leader in this field, has 600 robots per 10,000 employees. Nevertheless, Russia has some strong points in this area, i.e. the development of relevant software. For example, all market participants are familiar with Russian companies ABAGY and TRA Robotic. Three industrial segments which spearhead Russian robotization are as follows: the auto industry, metallurgy, and education. In our opinion, due to our geography and climate, the most promising areas for robotization include cargo-carrying remotely piloted aircraft, agricultural robots, and robots operating under extreme conditions."
At the Digitalization of Cities: Prospects and Solutions session, General Director of the National Research Institute of Technology and Communications Alexander Minov emphasized the important role of employees in digitalization processes, "We should not underestimate the importance of the goal setting and structure of project offices entrusted with implementing digital transformation at municipal and regional levels."
Deputy General Director for Strategic Clients Division at Cisco Ali Brundukov paid special attention to the definition of "smart city" and pointed out that the most important element of such city was its constant change and improvement, "Do not expect to achieve the final result because smart city is not an outcome. It is a process. And what is particularly important, it is a constant process, like business operations. A city or a region also continuously evolve."
When speaking about city digitalization, Mayor of Kaluga Dmitry Razumovsky stated that in order to understand the strategies for further development of a city, we had to bear in mind its starting position, "I am referring to the maturity of actual cities and their administration. I can assure you that we have to yet reached the required level of maturity. We still have some work that needs doing before we can approach global corporations and discuss the implementation of global platforms which can streamline municipal development."
New Materials for Manufacturing track included the session on Additive Technologies: Russian and International Experiences.
At the session, General Director of Lasers and Equipment Group Dmitry Saprykin shared his opinion on the implementation of additive technologies in industrial production, "I would like to draw your attention to the fact that the implementation of additive technologies changes the structure of production cost. Under additive manufacturing, the bulk of production cost comes from the cost of equipment and materials as opposed to instrumentation, salaries, logistics, etc. All these become secondary. So what does that mean for Russia? On the one hand, it opens colossal opportunities because Russian industries which will pioneer the implementation of additive technologies, such as aviation, space, engine building, agricultural machinery and biomedical engineering, are rather advanced. So the range of global first-order consumers of metal additive technologies de facto coincides with what we have in Russia."
At the closing session of the Industrial Supply Forum dedicated to Supplier Development in Modern Russian Industry, Director of the Machine-Tool Building and Investment Machine Building Department of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation Mikhail Ivanov provided a recap of Forum events and shared his plans for further cooperation, "This was our third Industry Supply Forum, and it is now perfectly clear that this format caught on. The next step in our work on promoting cooperation between suppliers and manufacturers of end products will become the creation of an online communication site. Maybe we will utilize the capacities of our industrial information system to ensure that such interaction is not a one-time occurrence, but a continuous process."
Deputy Head of the Federal Agency on Technical Regulating and Metrology (Rosstandart) Aleksey Kuleshov commented, "We would like to put the Forum in the context of our fight against counterfeit products and their elimination from the market. Our targeted effort is currently directed at the agricultural machinery segment. By the order of the Minister of Industry and Trade of the Russia Federation Denis Manturov, Rosstandart commenced the creation of a sectoral working group on combating illegal trafficking in the auto industry, agricultural and road machinery, and other types of self-propelled vehicles. I would like to invite all interested market participants to partake in our operations."
At the session on Selection of Technology Strategy and Competitive Intelligence: Modern Instruments and Approaches, Deputy Director for Research and Innovative Activities at Rosatom Institute of Nuclear Materials Kirill Ilyin discussed the creation of a network research center, "During negotiations with the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Ural Federal University, we came up with the idea to create a network research center which would allow for the development of research programs and let us forecast their implementation by factoring in cooperation and collaboration. Cooperation and synergy will allow for a dramatic acceleration of product development and implementation."
Ilyin pointed out that the network research center would be created as a joint project of the Institute of Nuclear Materials, Ural Federal University, and Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Sergey Kortov, First Vice-Chancellor of the Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, also commented on the idea, "One of the instruments which we want to promote and test in the near future is the situation when the center of operations is neither a university nor a company, but a special project office which is independent of all interested parties and provides organizational framework and ensures compliance with preapproved rules."
KEY DAY 3 SIGNINGS
More than 20 agreements were signed on Day 3 of INNOPROM. Its program also incorporated various media events.
All high-profile INNOPROM participants were available for comment and interacted with representatives from various Russian media outlets.
In particular, the Press Center hosted the signing of cooperation agreements between the Center for Cluster Development and the regional Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs. Parties to the agreements commented on the importance of the cluster system and its development. First Vice-President of the Sverdlovsk Regional Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs Mikhail Cherepanov expressed his hopes for state support of the initiative, "I hope that the next step will be the development of state measures for the support of cluster development. That is extremely important."
Anatoly Sysoev, Director of Non-Commercial Partnership "Ural Construction Cluster," commented, "In my opinion, it is important that the cluster system incorporate representatives of three groups: business, science, and the authorities."
Another major press conference was dedicated to the Fifth Russia-China EXPO. Its participants, Deputy General Secretary of the Russia-China EXPO Organizing Committee Wang Qizisiyang and Minister of International and Foreign Economic Relations of the Sverdlovsk Region Vasily Kozlov, spoke about joint projects which the parties intend to implement in the near future. "Today we see China as an important strategic partner in high technology segments, including mechanical engineering, instrument engineering, electronics, and the chemical industry. Sverdlovsk Region invites its Chinese partners to participate in the establishment of joint ventures in logistics and the production of motor vehicles, machinery, and construction equipment," Vasily Kozlov said.
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Annual International Industrial Trade Fair INNOPROM has been held in Ekaterinburg since 2010. In 2012, the federal status was conferred upon INNOPROM by the Government of the Russian Federation. This year, the exhibition will be held on July 9-12. The main theme of INNOPROM-2018 is Digital Manufacturing. The Republic of Korea will serve as INNOPROM Partner Country. INNOPROM is organized by the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation. Formika Group is the official event Operator.